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Fewer U.S. College Graduates Earning Education Degrees

The COVID-19 pandemic has created many challenges for K-12 schools in the country, including widespread reports of teacher shortages as the new school year begins. But the problem of attracting people to this profession is not necessarily new. Even before the pandemic, there were signs of a “pipeline problem” among the country’s educators.

According to data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the number and percentage of new graduates earning a bachelor’s degree in education has declined over the past few decades.the total number and percentage of Americans with a college degree gain.

To assess the decline in education bachelor’s degrees awarded over time and differences in young teacher experience, this Pew Research Center analysis uses federal data to analyze changes in these groups.

This analysis draws on over 30 years of data from the Integrated Secondary Education Data System (IPEDS), survey data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the National Survey of Teachers and Principals (NTPS), formerly known as Schools. I am using it. Personnel survey. The analysis of degrees awarded over time is based on 50 years of her IPEDS degree awarding data from all post-secondary institutions, including colleges, universities, colleges and vocational schools.

The analysis of the age distribution of teachers in the United States uses the most recent available NTPS data (grades 2017-18). Data were not available for Maryland and the District of Columbia due to low response rates or data collection criteria not being met. The NTPS data includes both full-time and part-time public school teachers.

In 2019-20, the most recent year for which data are available, the university awarded 85,057 Bachelor of Education degrees. That’s about 4% of the more than 2 million total degrees issued that year. This is a 19% decrease from his 2000 to 2001 when the university issued him over 105,000 bachelor’s degrees in education.

Over the long term, the decline is even more pronounced. During his 1970-1971 academic year, teaching was the most popular subject for US undergraduates. Colleges and universities issued him 176,307 Bachelor of Education degrees that year. This represents her 21% of all degrees awarded.

Women, in particular, are significantly less likely to choose education as their academic field. From 1970 to her 1971, more than one-third of all bachelor’s degrees awarded to women (36%) were in education. From 2019 to 2020, only 6% of bachelor’s degrees awarded to women were in education.

For both men and women, colleges and universities now issue far more degrees in business and medical professions (and related programs) than in education. Business and health degrees accounted for his two largest shares of all bachelor degrees awarded in 2019-20, accounting for 19% and her 13% of the total, respectively.

A significant percentage of K-12 teachers have a bachelor’s degree in education, but it is not necessarily a job requirement as long as prospective teachers have completed the necessary training and certifications. However, in addition to the declining number of college graduates pursuing education degrees, there has been a sharp decline in enrollment in teacher training programs in recent years. Also, according to her NORC at the University of Chicago, 44% of her U.S. adults say she has no chance of encouraging a young person to become her K-12 teacher.

Experts point to several possible reasons why people show less interest in the profession, including high levels of stress and burnout, stagnant and low wages, and concerns over political and ideological debates surrounding classroom curricula. are mentioned.

Young teachers represent a declining share of the nation’s total primary and secondary school teaching workforce as fewer college graduates pursue education degrees. In 2017-18, the most recent school year for which the NCES published data on this topic, her 15% of her K-12 teachers in all public and private schools were younger than her 30 years old, and in 1999- A slight decrease from her 17% in the 2000 school year.

During the same period, the proportion of senior educators in the teaching staff increased. A teacher over 60, from 2017 to 2018 he made up about 7% of K-12 instructors. This is more than double her share of 3% of all teachers in 1999-2000.

Chart showing South Carolina and Kentucky have the highest percentage of teachers under the age of 30

There are state-level differences in the age distribution of teachers, at least among public school educators. In the 2017-18 school year, 15% of U.S. public school teachers were under her 30s. The states with the highest percentage of teachers in their 20s were South Carolina (23%), Kentucky (21%), Louisiana, Arizona, and North Carolina (all about 20%). Teachers under 30 make up the workforce in New Mexico (7%), Rhode Island (9%), Maine (9%), Nevada, and California (both about 10%). was the lowest. Maine, New Mexico, and Alaska, on the other hand, are states where public school teachers are skewed toward older adults, with teachers over the age of 55 making up about a quarter of each state’s educators.